Ibd increases the risk of heart attack
A strong link between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and myocardial infarction has been established from a study of more than 22 million IBD patients.
As the European American Journal reported, the 3-year investigation, the results of which were revealed at the 2018 American College of Cardiology (ACC) meeting on 10th–12th March, used the IBM® Explorys database of electronic medical records from 26 healthcare systems across the USA to measure heart disease prevalence, using heart attacks as an indicator.
The researchers, noted that 5.9% of patients with IBD experienced heart attacks compared to 3.5% of patients without IBD, equating to an almost two-fold increase in the prevalence of heart disease with IBD. Adjusting for race, sex, age, and traditional heart disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and smoking, the team concluded that IBD patients had approximately a 23% increased risk of having a heart attack. The highest risk was associated with younger patients (<40 years old), with diagnosis at an earlier age, as well as female sex, being associated with increased levels of inflammation and greater disease aggression.